絶滅の危機に瀕するウナギが人為的な川の障害物を克服するのに役立つ質感のタイルが研究で発見される(Textured tiles help endangered eels overcome human-made river obstacles, study finds)


2024-06-10 カーディフ大学



魚道の解決策 剪断層乱流におけるヨーロッパウナギの運動学と挙動 Fish passage solution: European eel kinematics and behaviour in shear layer turbulent flows

Guglielmo Sonnino Sorisio, Catherine A.M.E. Wilson, Andy Don, Jo Cable

Ecological Engineering  Available online: 24 April 2024



  • European eel passage was assessed in the presence and absence of eel tiles
  • Eels passed upstream more often and more easily with the tiles
  • Energy expenditure was reduced using the tiles
  • A new swimming gait was identified in which eels swam asymmetrically near the tiles
  • Eel tiles offer a promising solution for upstream passage


High velocity barriers pose a risk to upstream migrating European eels (Anguilla anguilla, Linnaeus) as the flow can be too fast for them to swim against. These barriers delay or even prevent migration, potentially exacerbating population declines of this critically endangered species. Eel tiles are an emerging solution for this application, already successfully deployed to increase passage at gravity barriers. Here, eel tiles mounted to the bed of an open channel recirculating flume were assessed in terms of eel passage, behaviour and kinematics relative to movement in the absence of the tiles. The tiles effectively increased passage and allowed the eels to rest without the need to swim back downstream. The tiles also reduced the amount of energy needed to travel upstream. For the first time eel swimming was examined in a flow with multiple shear layers and turbulent structures of varying lengthscale. Swimming kinematics were analysed for complex turbulent flows and revealed a new swimming gait in the shear layer beside the tile. By allowing the eels to continuously move upstream, the tiles potentially decrease predation and infection risk at resting hotspots. Overall, the tiles were effective in helping eels pass upstream in an experimental flume.

Graphical abstract

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