新しい洪水マップにより、住宅所有者が直面するリスクが明確に(New flood maps clarify the risk homeowners face)


より少ない労力と低いコストで、より現実的な浸水域を地図に表示 Maps more realistically depict flood zones with less effort, lower costs

2022-06-30 ジョージア大学 (UGA)






簡易不確実性バウンディング。洪水ハザードの不確実性を推定するためのアプローチ Simplified Uncertainty Bounding: An Approach for Estimating Flood Hazard Uncertainty

Tim Stephens and Brian Bledsoe

Water  Published: 18 May 2022



Deterministic flood hazard estimates neglect the inherent uncertainty associated with model estimates and can substantially underestimate flood risk. Monte Carlo simulation (MCS) has been a valuable tool for conducting uncertainty analysis. However, its application has primarily been limited to a single research setting. Recent development of a point approximation method, simplified uncertainty bounding (SUB), simulated the uncertainty from MCS with high accuracy (e.g., a critical success index of 0.75). However, an evaluation of additional flood hazard metrics and hydro-climate settings that impact the distribution of uncertainty is required. We evaluated SUB at two contrasting study sites by comparing their results with MCS and identified scenarios where performance increased and decreased. The SUB method accurately matched aerial inundation metrics, but performance was reduced for relative errors in flood depth and top width. Hydraulic structures had a heterogeneous impact on accuracy, and the confinement ratio had a positive relationship with the top width error. While SUB generally performed well with relative errors of approximately ±10% for a 90% confidence interval, some outliers did exist. The acceptability of the approach will depend on the specific application. Though SUB overestimated uncertainty, it provides a conservative estimate and is a cost-effective alternative to MCS.

ソーダストリーム SPIRIT (スピリット)スターターキット